Loom art is an ancient form of art recently rekindled extensively in the field of crocheting and knitting. A loom is a circular ring made of plastic or metal, having pegs on it. The pegs are in a single row called single rakes or in two rows, called double rakes. For different patterns, different sized looms are required to fit its needs. Thus, the size is the biggest factor in knitting a piece of fabric. Also, the gauge of the loom, the location of the pegs from each other, the size of the peg, etc, is everything that chips in the size of the knit stitches. Of course, the thickness of the yarn is also one of the important factors. Let’s delve further into this article to look at some loom knitting patterns.
- Cast On= CO
- Stitch(es)= st(s)
- *dc= double crochet
- Loop(s)= lp (s)
- Bind Off= BO
Ewrap: This is to wrap the yarn in the clockwise direction around the loom and pegs. Yarn crosses the inside of the pegs, like the letter ‘e’.
Decreasing: Switch the loop from last peg to the next peg, in lieu of wrapping either of them. Draw the bottom loop over the top loop in the usual manner.*
Increasing: Here, you have to wrap the yarn twice around the following empty peg* in the row. This way an extra peg would be added to your task. Keep working, and as you come to the end of the row, you include a new peg.
Purl Stitch: Rest the yarn below the cast on row. Pull some yarn through the loop from under the stitch on the peg. Now release the cast on loop off peg and rest it behind the peg by placing the pulled out loop on peg. This activity is done a peg at a time.
Bind Off: In bind off release one stitch through second and second with a crochet hook to get a loose binding. Start to crochet one single crochet stitch in between the removing stitches.
String Off: Leave a sufficient tail by cutting off the yarn. Use a large eye needle and thread down each peg. Lift off the loops to yarn end and collect after all loops off pegs. Tie it off.
Now that you have gone through these techniques and instructions, I am sure you are feeling the urge to splurge on all the patterns possible ever. But, before that, go through the basic pattern to learn and practice.
For this, use a large circular loom and start knitting a flat panel. Use the method of flat bind off for this scarf.
Step #1: CO with the ewrap for 12 sts. Or if you need a wider scarf, ewrap the sts depending upon the width of the scarf.
Step #2: Knit the next following row.
Step #3: Then, purl the next row.
Step #4: The step 2 and 3, i.e., knit and purl rows should be repeated alternately until you have the desired length of your scarf.
Step #5: Last step is bind off.
Once again, for a child or a beginner, knitting different patterns for a hat is easy and quick enough. Simple designs for hats can be crafted combining two or more colors. Here, you can use two skeins of yarn simultaneously which makes it go super fast.
Step #1: To start off, tie a slip knot at the end of the two yarn strands.
Step #2: Now tie the same to the holding peg*. If there is a thumb tack, get hold of the yarn using your thumb on the side position of the loom.
Step #3: The pegs should face the right side, as you will have to hold the loom in your left hand.
Step #4: Now hold both the strands of yarn together, to go to the next peg. Once you reach the next peg, pass over the yarn by holding the peg and wrap it under and around the peg. This action must be done in a counter clockwise direction (faring direction toward you).
Step #5: Work around the loom ring till you have two rows on the ring.
Step #6: In this step, you have to wrap the yarn around the peg’s side*. Place your thumb on the yarn to secure it.
Step #7: Get hold of a knitting tool. Gently slide the tool pick in the first peg’s groove which are beneath the first 2 lps. Now pick them up, over the second 2 lps and over the top of the peg. Keep working around the loom.
Step #8: Knitting in this manner, you will nearly finish knitting the entire hat. All that would be left is brimming and some finishing steps.
Brim The Hat: Brim would be completed when you have totally finished 4” to 5” of looming. In the inside of the ring, from the first row of your hat, lift the first lps over the respective pegs. Later, with the tool pick, lift all the back lps from the front ones. There you go. Can you see a hat brim! Once you attain that, proceed looming 20-25 rows after the brim is over. (Add variety by cutting two strands and tying them with various colors for five rows at a stretch. A stripe would be formed by doing that.)
Finish The Hat: Leave about 4” of yarn at the end, cut and knot the ends of the strands. Thread a needle with double strand and cast the lps off onto it. Now, turn the hat inside out and firmly collect the lps on the strands. Tie them many times with a square knot. Into the same knot, let in the end strands. Continue working on the end strands on the inside of the hat. Finally, turn it inside out and enjoy your crafted hat!
Well, according to me, loom knitting is the best way to learn handicrafts and fabric accessories, in the quickest and the most productive way. And the most adept part of this concept is; no knitting needles are required. This way, besides adults, children can knit as well. Those tiny toddlers can knit a variety of art-pieces for their baby brothers or sisters as a cherished picture of redolence and remembrance. So, all you sweet children, here are some exquisite patterns for babies you can try to make under a supervision of an adult.
A Baby Blanket (Shawl)
Note: You will need a long loom (blue). The dimension of the shawl is 27” x 27” with shell stitch.
Step #1: Use one end of the yarn strand to wrap it around the end of the peg. Secure it. Wrap one side up and wrap the other side down around the peg. Once you reach the last peg, begin wrapping in the opposite direction. Instantly knit off by drawing the bottom loop over the top.
Step #2: To make a square, work on the wrapping and the knitting part for 100 rows. The weave must have loosened up all the way through. Thus, do a single crochet stitch around the entire baby shawl.
Step #3: Proceed crocheting 2 single crochet sts within each row and 2 single crochet sts within each knitted end.
Step #4: Once you finish that, finish your work with simple shell st around every single crochet st. And create a border around the entire shawl.
Step #5: This is the last step to creating this baby blanket. Chain 3 dc* in the same st. Swiftly, skip 2 sts and dc 4 times in the following st. Continue doing this knitting round the entire shawl by skipping 2 sts and knitting 2 dc in first row. And again, skipping 2 sts and knitting 4 dc in the following st.
For the remaining row, knit dc’s in the middle of the shell stitch. And voila! The baby blanket is ready to be used. Well, looms definitely come in different shapes like, oval, round or rectangular. This blanket is one of the example of a round patterns, where the shawl is knitted in a circular fashion in order to wrap the baby completely.
Looming is a pretty old form of art and craft, which has been recently rising up again. Many people have the desire to learn how to knit a scarf or hat or a variety of fabrics relative to knitting. But due to a lack of cognitive skill to hold the knitting needles and work, their desires lie unattended. So, to overcome that inadequacy, the tool called loom has been created. Each peg on the loom acts as a knitting needle, which allows the wrapping and yarning of the thread and creates different loom knitting patterns. This tool is a great supporter for all those struggling soles who intensely want to knit a piece of fabric.
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